Periodontal disease is a general term used to describe many diseases that affect the gums, bone and surrounding structures of the teeth. It is a bacterial infection that causes soft-tissue degradation and destruction, and can ultimately result in bone loss, tooth loss and face deformation. Periodontal disease cannot be left to heal by itself.
The objective of periodontal treatment is to fight and control any infection. And depending upon the extent of the disease and damage the number of treatments, and their types, will vary.
Subsequent to any treatment, patients will be expected to maintain good daily oral care at home – which may require behavioural changes such as to stop smoking, or limit alcohol intake.